Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award P16.5-M worth of aid provided for Taal Volcano eruption victims — NDRRMC Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Muntinlupa-Angelis Resort got an unlikely lift from seldom used forward Dhon Reverente as it turned back Paranaque-Gamboa Coffee, 81-70, Tuesday night to forge a title showdown with Batangas City-Tanduay in the MPBL Anta Rajah Cup at Muntinlupa Sports Complex.With Muntinlupa’s season on the line, Reverente came off the bench to collect 12 points and 12 rebounds as the Cagers fought back from a 14-point deficit in the second quarter to prevail in the do-or-die clash.ADVERTISEMENT Jo Koy draws ire for cutting through Cebu City traffic with ‘wang-wang’ Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina Scientists seek rare species survivors amid Australia flames Truck driver killed in Davao del Sur road accident Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ League founder and Sen. Manny Pacquiao has dangled a P1 million prize for the champion team with the losing finalist getting P500,000.Meanwhile, Makati became the latest city to join the MPBL in its expansion in the next conference, following the entry of San Juan, Pasig, Laguna, Manila and Rizal.MPBL commissioner Kenneth Duremdes said the league is now up to 16 teams with more clubs from Visayas and Mindanao joining the tournament. The next MPBL conference is tentatively set June 12.ADVERTISEMENT Ex-pro Chito Jaime scored 22 points, while former Mapua Cardinal Allan Mangahas added 18 that went with six rebounds and five assists for the Cagers, who travel to Batangas City on Thursday to face the top-seeded Athletics in Game 1 of the best-of-five championship series.“I’m just happy all our hard work paid off,” said Muntinlupa coach Aldrin Morante. “We really had to dig deep in this series and I’m glad my players delivered.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownIt was an impressive turnaround for the Cagers after they lost Game 1, 84-59, before taking the next two games and the last finals berth.Batangas will still host Game 2, before the series goes to Muntinlupa for Game 3 and, if necessary, Game 4. MOST READ La Salle seals Final 4 bonus Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Green group flags ‘overkill’ use of plastic banderitas in Manila Sto. Niño feast View comments
The Government of Liberia on Monday, June 16 filed a 13-count response to the defense motion seeking a new trial for 13 persons convicted of mercenarism by Jurors of Criminal Court ‘D.’Jurors on June 10 brought down a guilty verdict against the defendants for their involvement in mercenary activities in neighboring La Côte d’Ivoire, where several persons including seven UN peacekeepers were allegedly ambushed and killed.However, the defendants’ lawyers pleaded with the Court to reject the jurors’ verdict and declare a new trial in the matter.Interestingly, Judge Emery Paye will now be compelled to reschedule his final judgment that was scheduled for Tuesday, June 17, and rule on the defense motion, a common request when convictions are appealed.Instead, the Criminal Court Judge has scheduled hearing of the request for a new trial on Tuesday, June 17.The prosecution’s response among others, said the jurors took into consideration testimonies including those of the rebuttal witnesses, specifically Roland Garwo, who testified that he crossed the defendants in his canoe following their attacked in La Côte d’Ivoire.They further said that some of the witnesses, like Thomas Glaider, Pascal Kollie and Baryee Gaye corroborated each other and hence, the jurors having tried the fact could not hesitate but to arrive at a guilty verdict.They argued that Gaye pointed to the fact that the defendants had based in Garlo’s Town and others including the Thai forest and controlled areas in that sisterly nation.They went further to say that one of their witnesses, Inspector Savior Howard visited the crime scene, as opposed to the defense lawyers claim that none of the investigators, whose findings led to the indictment of the defendants visited the crime scene in both Liberia and La Côte d’Ivoire.They also argued that Witness Gaye, when he testified named weapons like M-60, RPG and AK-47, as guns used by the defendants to fight in La Côte d’Ivoire.Prosecution prayed the court not to disturb the unanimous verdict of the jurors, whom they claimed, listened attentively and took note of the testimonies of all their witnesses including Prince Barclay as well as the defendants mere denial.They maintained that the defense request constitutes total disrespect for the integrity of the jurors.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Former Executive Governor of the Central Bank of Liberia (CBL), Dr. J. Mills Jones, has called on Liberians to give him the chance to lead Liberia as president during the upcoming 2017 elections. “Give me a chance to lead, and I will be your servant,” Dr. Jones said in a statement on Wednesday. “Liberia’s interest will be my interest. I will be president for all Liberians. It will be a tough fight, but I am prepared to carry the cross.” He made the statement at an appreciation dinner at the Paynesville City Hall on Wednesday, May 25, held on behalf of Liberians who gave him their support during his tenure as Governor of the Central Bank of Liberia.It can be recalled that Dr. Jones was criticized by some sections of Liberians for the CBL microloan scheme that empowered small Liberian businesses that evidently improved his relationship with locals throughout the country. His critics said he was using state resources to feed his own political ambition, calling it a waste of resources. But the Governor insists that giving back to the Liberian people is not a waste.He however said that a good leader must have the will to stand up for the people and encourage them to remain focused and calm under pressure to implement change in the nation’s interest.That evening, for the first time ever, Dr. Jones announced publicly his political direction. “I have decided to give a positive response to the desire of a cross-section of our citizens that I should contest for the position of President of Liberia in 2017. Your desire is now our desire. I will be your candidate,” Dr. Jones declared. His statement comes a week following his acceptance of a petition to contest the 2017 general and presidential elections by a group of Liberians under the banner “United Liberians Concerned About the Future” at his Marshall residence in Margibi County last Saturday.The former CBL boss said his fate is in the hands of Almighty God, who has brought him from a humble beginning to this day. “We mortals can only express or wish. Only God Almighty has the final say. So I say to the people of Liberia that, God willing, I will provide the leadership thatwill put Liberia on a new course of economic, political and social transformation.“I will bring this leadership to the Executive Mansion; so when I promise to provide leadership that is different from the business-as-usual ways that have been the standard approach of the political establishment, that promise is based on my record at CBL,” he said.Dr. Jones said although not everyone will agree on everything that he did; however, a fair assessment of his performance will show that he demonstrated vision – though outside of the box – to bring about transformation by changing the living condition of Liberians. “And to those who say we were using public resources to do what we did, I say, yes,” he stated. “And if all in the public service were using public resources to help the people rise out of poverty, Liberia would be a better place. And those who want to criticize us for promoting policies that have helped to lift our fathers and mothers, our sisters and brothers out of poverty, to keep the poor school teacher or health worker from traveling out of their counties sometimes in the rain to cash their salary checks, I say you are only demonstrating the limitations of your own minds.” The Liberian banker said he will work to nurture a stable democracy, as well as bind the wounds of injustice, distrust, and alienation that continue to tear apart the fabric of Liberia’s democracy. Dr. Jones told the gathering that it is now time for the real people who have the country at heart to take over so as to revive the hope of the vast majority of Liberians who continue to live in abject poverty.He cautioned his compatriots to stand firm in the midst of suppression, but said the creator of the universe will not let the oppressors to succeed.“The growing waves of chronic corruption, nepotism and deception; those emphasizing these vices shall be stripped and those in the valley of poverty shall be lifted up and that mountain of false fight, misrule and incompetence shall be made ruined,” said Dr. Jones.He assured Liberians that a new day is coming for a new Liberia to be born and as such, they should stand firm and tall in order to achieve their desires.He said: “We will surely win the forthcoming election.”Dr. Jones said during his administration, healthcare delivery system, education and the economy will top his agenda.He added that his government will make Liberia more prosperous and politically stable, that all Liberians irrespective of tribe, social and religious background will have equal opportunity during his regime.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Letterkenny writer Denise Blake will be broadcast tomorrow, Sunday, as part of the very popular morning show, Sunday Miscellany.Denise is a regular contributor to the show and the producer, Cliodhna Ní Anlauain asked her recently to write a piece that could be broadcast after Bruce Springsteen’s Wrecking Ball Tour in Dublin.Denise recorded the script in the Rte Studios, Donnybrook, during the week and it will be broadcast this Sunday morning. Recent Listenership numbers recorded Sunday Miscellany with 256,000 listeners. DONEGAL WRITER’S MUSINGS ON BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN ON RTE RADIO was last modified: July 21st, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DONEGAL WRITER’S MUSINGS ON BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN ON RTE RADIO
The friends pose after salvaging the anchor from The Mall in Ballyshannon. Pic by Kenneth McDonagh.An anchor which is understood to be up to 150 years old was pulled from the water at the Mall, Ballyshannon yesterday.The anchor is believed to be from the time of the wooden ships and was built between 1800 and 1900.The anchor was passed on to the Ballyshannon museum who will have it on display in the coming weeks after they preserve it. Freinds Paul Gallagher, Pierce Harte, Micky Doherty and Eddie Mc Fadden all posed with the anchor after helping to salvage it.A real Donegal Catch if ever there was one! FRIENDS WON’T BE WEIGHED DOWN BY THEIR DONEGAL CATCH! was last modified: July 29th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:anchorBallyshannonThe Mall
Junior Health Minister Kathleen Lynch has been admitted to the intensive care unit of Letterkenny General Hospital after collapsing.Kathleen LynchMinister Lynch was visiting the flooded hospital in Co Donegal this morning and was due to speak at the MacGill Summer School in Glenties today.However Ms Lynch complained of feeling unwell while touring the hospital. Consultant Gerry Lane, who was with Ms Lynch at the time, immediately took her into his care and she has ben placed in the intensive care unit.There is no up-to-date statement on Ms Lynch’s condition at present.Seantor Jimmy Harte, who was also with Ms Lynch, said he wished her a speedy recovery.“Kathleen seemed to be in fine form but she suddenly complained that she wasn’t feeling well. “Dr Gerry Lane immediately made a decision and took her into the care of the hospital.“She could not be in better hands and we wish her well,” he said.Ms Lynch was also accompanied by her husband Bernard during the visit to the hospital.It is believed that Ms Lynch has suffered from septicemia in the past and also took ill on holiday before. JUNIOR HEALTH MINISTER TAKES ILL DURING VISIT TO LETTERKENNY GENERAL was last modified: July 31st, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:HEALTH MINISTERillKathleen Lynchletterkenny hospital
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBlues bury Kings early with four first-period goals The SUV hit the BMW broadside on its driver’s side, then flipped over, witnesses said. The death was the 79th on Antelope Valley roads and highways so far this year, making this the second-deadliest ever with almost three weeks still to go. The record for traffic fatalities was 87, set in 2003. Seventy-four people died in 2004. Charles F. Bostwick, (661) 267-5742 firstname.lastname@example.org PALMDALE – A Lancaster teenager was fatally injured when an SUV whose driver was distracted by his toddler son jumped a Sierra Highway median, ran a red light and hit the teen’s sports sedan, authorities said. Eighteen-year-old Miguel Montoya died at a hospital about five hours after the 8:10 p.m. Saturday crash, officials said. Twenty-one-year-old Issac Vides of Palmdale and his 2-year-old son were flown by helicopter to UCLA Medical Center but neither was believed to be seriously injured, sheriff’s deputies said. Montoya’s passenger, 24-year-old Ismael Esparza, also went to a hospital but was not believed to be seriously injured, deputies said. Deputies said Vides’ 2002 Nissan Xterra had been driving north on Sierra Highway when Vides turned around to look at his son in the back seat. As he turned around, the SUV veered across the raised median and into the southbound lanes, then into Avenue M against the red light. The SUV hit Montoya’s 1999 BMW as the car was making a left turn on a green arrow from westbound Avenue M, deputies said. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
29 June 2007The Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape has become the eighth South African site to be inscribed on the World Heritage List of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) as a place of “outstanding value to humanity”. The site was listed during the 31st session of Unesco’s World Heritage Committee in New Zealand on Wednesday.World Heritage in South AfricaDid you know that the Vredefort Dome is the largest and oldest visible meteor impact crater in the world? Or that the Drakensberg has Africa’s richest concentration of rock art? SA is home to eight Unesco World Heritage sites, places of “outstanding value to humanity”.Already listed are SA’s Cape Floral Region, Cradle of Humankind, Isimangaliso Wetlands Park (formerly the Greater St Lucia Wetlands Park), Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape, uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park, Robben Island and Vredefort Dome.The Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape covers 160 000 hectares of dramatic mountainous desert in the north-west part of South Africa. A unique feature of the site – both in South African and international terms – is that it is owned and managed by a community that until recently had very little to call its own.Characterised by extreme temperatures, the communally run landscape affords a semi-nomadic pastoral livelihood for the Nama people, descendants of the Khoi-Khoi people who once occupied lands across southern Namibia and most of the present-day Western and Northern Cape provinces of South Africa.A century or more back, the Khoi-Khoi were pushed north by the spread of farms from the Cape. A few years ago, the Richtersveld area was returned to the ownership of the Nama under South Africa’s land restitution programme.Today the Nama live in three small villages, established as mission settlements outside the proclaimed area: Kuboes to the north, Lekkersing to the south-west, and Eksteenfontein to the south. The seasonal migration of the Nama between stock-posts with traditional demountable mat-roofed houses reflect a practice, once widespread over southern Africa, which has persisted for at least two millennia – the Nama being its last practitioners.“The extensive communal grazed lands bear testimony to the land management processes which have ensured the protection of the succulent Karoo vegetation,” the World Heritage Committee said in a statement. “This demonstrates a harmonious interaction between people and nature.”Source: BuaNews
Three stages after their mishap, on the sixth race day, they were called upon to stop and help Brazilians Mauricio Neves and Clecio Maestrelli after they were involved in a multiple rollover in the fifth factory Race Touareg. Neves suffered several broken ribs and De Villiers waited until medical help arrived. “This was a Dakar where nothing went right for us – we had eight punctures on top of everything else – but we look ahead to the next Dakar and will be putting everything we can into preparing ourselves for the new challenges that lie ahead.” It was also the closest finish ever in the car category, with the 2 minute 48 seconds gap between Sainz and Al-Attiyah equivalent to a distance of just 3.73 kilometres. It was a fast Dakar with Sainz recording an average speed of 101.8 km/h for the 4 800 km of special stages. “While we are proud to be members of the winning Volkswagen team, we are naturally very disappointed,” said the 37-year-old from Stellenbosch. “All the training and preparation over the past 12 months, including my successful recuperation from back surgery, was not rewarded with the success we had worked so hard to achieve. Nasser-Al Attiyah of Qatar and German co-driver Timo Gottschalk were second in the closest finish yet seen in the car category of the Dakar – 2 minutes and 12 seconds behind their Volkswagen team-mates. Miller and Pitchford were 32 minutes and 51 seconds in arrears at the finish. Disappointed but pleased“We were disappointed to finish third, but pleased for Volkswagen,” said the 47-year-old Pitchford, who hails from Woodmead in Gauteng. “1-2-3 is an awesome result that Volkswagen richly deserves. SAinfo reporter “This is a great team with a lot of motivated and talented people. Congratulations to Carlos and Nasser. They were in a class of their own this time.” Defending champions’ problemsDefending champions De Villiers and Von Zitzewitz lost all chance of repeating their 2009 triumph when they experienced electrical problems on their Race Touareg on the third race day and had to wait almost three hours for assistance from their support truck. From then on they were required to play a support role to their team-mates, carrying additional spares and having to stop and render assistance when needed. The disappointment of defeatIt was a race in which the South African off road champion of 2001 once again had to deal with the disappointment of defeat as he had done in Dakar 2007 in Africa when he was stopped by an under-bonnet fire while comfortably leading. Volkswagen claimed an historic and emphatic 1-2-3 finish and a second consecutive victory after the success of De Villiers and German co-driver Dirk von Zitzewitz in last year’s event. Miller and Pitchford were second in 2009. WinnersSpain’s Carlos Sainz and Lucas Cruz won their first Dakar Rally after 14 days and over 9 000 km of driving, completing the 14 special stages and 4 800 km of racing in a time of 47 hours and 10 minutes. ‘Water carriers’“From special stage four until the finish we were the ‘water carriers’. Our job was to assist our team-mates still in with a chance of winning the race and we carried lots of spares, making us around 150 kilograms heavier than the others. South Africa’s proud record in the Dakar Rally, the world’s toughest motor sport event, was enhanced in Argentina and Chile in 2010 by Ralph Pitchford and Giniel de Villiers. Another South African, Alfie Cox – for many years a leading challenger in the motorcyle category – saw his race end early when he crashed into a ravine in his Nissan Navara on 7 January. Volkswagen’s dominance was illustrated by the fact that their closest challengers were the French pairing of nine-time Dakar champion Stephane Peterhansel (six wins on motorcycles and three in cars) and Jean-Paul Cottret in a BMW X3, who completed the marathon race two hours, 17 minutes and 21 seconds behind the winners. “It was hard to maintain our motivation under these circumstances and we certainly felt disheartened at times. But that is how it works. We were part of a team, the best team in the Dakar for the second year in a row, and it was our turn to assist as others did for us in 2009. Stage winsFor the record, Volkswagen won the most stages (seven) with Al-Attiyah taking four, Sainz two and Miller one. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material 19 January 2010 They eventually finished a creditable seventh, 5 hours 10 minutes 19 seconds behind Sainz and Cruz. Pitchford, the 2009 South African off road champion co-driver, served as American Mark Miller’s navigator as they placed third overall in their Volkswagen Race Touareg in the 32nd edition of the famous race on the weekend. True to form, he dealt with the disappointment with the same grace and humility with which he handled his historic win last year, the first by a South African in this famous race.
Analysis: Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index 2015 & Global Corruption Barometer
The 2015 Corruption Perception Index ranks 168 countries/territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption. South Africa ranks 61/186 with a corruption score of 44 (moderately corrupt). Its score of has remained stable from 2014; with a positive 2 scores up from 2013 where SA scored 42/100.The Africa Survey 2015 of the Global Corruption Barometer interviewed 43,143 people in 28 African countries to understand public experiences and perceptions of corruption.83% of SA respondents said they thought corruption had risen in the previous 12 months.Yet actual bribery rates in SA are far below average, with with less than one in ten respondents saying they paid a bribe in the previous 12 months.Results illustrate the disjuncture between citizens’ personal experience of corruption & their perceptions of government structures not doing enough to stem corrupt activities. 1. TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL’S CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX 20151.1. Background Transparency International released its 21st annual Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) on Wednesday, 27 January 2016. The CPI is the leading global indicator of public sector corruption, offering a yearly snapshot of the relative degree of corruption by ranking countries from all over the globe.This year’s index ranks 168 countries/territories by their perceived levels of public sector corruption. Countries are measured on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).[i]Poor scores are indicative of widespread bribery, lack of punishment for corruption and public institutions that do not respond adequately to citizens’ needs. Countries with clean scores should ensure that they do not export corrupt practices to underdeveloped countries. This index allows government, business and civil society to implement measures to tackle the corruption in their respective countries.1.2. Findings South Africa ranks 61st of 168 countries with a corruption score of 44 (moderately corrupt) in 2015. Its score has remained stable from 2014; with a positive two scores up from 2013 where South Africa scored 42/100.How the BRICS Nations ScoredRankCountry2015 Score2014 Score2013 Score2012 Score61South Africa4444424376India3838363676Brazil3843424383China37364039119Russia29272828 South Africa outranks all its BRICS counterparts. With a score above 40, it is perceived to be the least corrupt of the BRICS nations.Next 11 ScoresSouth Africa also does fairly well compared to the Next 11. Only South Korea is perceived as less corrupt with a score of 56.RankCountry/territory2015 Score2014 Score2013 Score2012 Score37Korea (South)5655555661South Africa4444424366Turkey4245504988Egypt3637323288Indonesia3634323295Mexico3535343495Philippines35383634112Vietnam31313131117Pakistan30292827130Iran27272528136Nigeria26272527139Bangladesh25252726How select African countries fare:South Africa ranks 7th least corrupt out of the 46 Sub-Saharan African countries included in the Index. It shares this rank with Lesotho and Senegal.RankCountry/territory2015 Score2014 Score2013 Score2012 Score28Botswana6363646545Namibia5349484856Ghana4748464561South Africa4444424388Morocco3639373788Algeria3636363488Egypt36373232103Ethiopia33333333112Malawi31333737117Tanzania30313335130Cameroon27272526136Nigeria26272527139Uganda25262629139Kenya25252727147DRC22222221150Zimbabwe21212120163South Sudan151514N/A163Angola15192322165Sudan121111131.3 Hot Topic: Mapping Corruption Levels in Africa As illustrated by the Table and Figure above, corruption poses a serious challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, with 36 of the 46 countries surveyed in the region scoring below 40. Most countries score particularly badly on rule of law and justice. “While some governments are reducing risks for business, there’s little change for citizens – as systemic corruption leaves many countries struggling to uphold basic rule of law.”2. South Africa’s Performance in the Afrobarometer/Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 20152.1. BackgroundTransparency International has partnered with the Afrobarometer to produced the Africa Survey 2015 of the Global Corruption Barometer.[i]Unlike the Corruption Perception Index, which measures and ranks 175 countries based to perceptions of public sector corruption, the Africa Survey measures perceptions of corruption in the following sectors: the political and government elite (the president’s office, members of parliament, government officials), public officials who work at the service level (tax officials, the police, judges and magistrates, local government councillors), and those who are not part of the public sector but who often wield strong influence (business executives, religious leaders and traditional leaders).[ii]In only three of the countries surveyed did a slight majority of the population think their governments were doing well at well at fighting corruption, namely Botswana, Lesotho and Senegal.2.2. Public perceptions of corruption levelsThe survey asked respondents how they thought corruption in their country had changed over the past year, i.e. whether it had increased, decreased or stayed the same. Unfortunately, South Africa (along with Nigeria and Ghana) performed worst in this category,with 83% of respondents saying that they thought corruption had risen in the previous 12 months.Figure 1 below depicts the best and worst performing countries in terms of population perceptions of corruption over time.Figure 1: Perceptions of corruption movement over 12-month period2.3. Public Perceptions of government anti-corruption measures Figure 2 below shows that Malagasy citizens were most critical of their governments. However, South Africa, doesn’t fall far behind, with approximately four of five respondents rating government’s anti-corruption efforts poorly.Figure 2: Perceptions of government performance in fighting corruption2.4. Perception vs. RealityAt the same time, the survey also asked respondents whether they had been exposed to corruption risks in the past 12 months when engaging with six key public services: public schools, public healthcare, the police, courts, for official documents or for utilities. If they had come into contact with these services, they were asked whether “they had paid a bribe, given a gift or provided a favour in order to get the services they needed”.Here, South Africa ranks below the regional average in terms of bribery rates, with with less than one in ten respondents saying they had paid a bribe.Figure 3: Percentage of Public Service Users that had paid bribes2.5. Citizens’ role in stemming corruptionThe survey also gauged the extent to which citizens believed that they could make a difference to the levels of corruption in their countries. The authors state that: “Citizens should be able to play an important role in turning the tide against corruption – either through reporting corruption when they see it, refusing to pay bribes, or demanding governments take action against the corruption that they see in their country.”South Africans, much like the rest of their African counterparts, are divided on whether they can make a difference in stemming corruption, with many feeling disempowered (56% are optimistic, yet 44% remain sceptical). See Figure 4 below.Figure 4: Citizens’ ability to stem corruption2.6. Lessons for Brand SAThe Africa Survey 2015 attests to citizens’ relatively negative perception of government performance in combatting corruption. More interestingly, this perception rests less on personal experience of corruption with public service entities (e.g. having to pay bribes for services), as the majority interviewed here had not paid a bribe in the 12 months prior to participating in the survey.The implications of this finding point to two pertinent questions for Brand SA to consider:• The Global Corruption Barometer reveals an apparent disjuncture between citizens’ personal experience of corruption and their perceptions of the government structures not doing enough to stem corrupt activities. Perhaps this is an indication of a distinction that is made between “low level” and “high level” corruption. At the “high level”, perceptions of excessive “tenderpreneurship” – which enables those with the political influence to secure lucrative government contracts – prevail. At the lower level, it appears that most South African citizens interviewed had little personal exposure to corruption when engaging with key public services.• The Corruption Perception Index marks the country as “moderately corrupt”, and put into comparative perspective against BRICS counterparts, the Next 11 or its continental neighbours, South Africa does relatively well. That said, if SA wishes to be globally competitive, we should also be competing with the likes of South Korea and the UAE to shift perceptions of public and private sector institutions to encourage investment and build trust in leadership.Prepared by: Dr. Judy Smith-Höhn Brand South Africa’s Research Notes, Research Reports and Web Analyses communicate findings from Brand South Africa research, related panel discussions and analyses of global performance indices. The publications are intended to elicit comments, contribute to debate, and inform stakeholders about trends and issues that impact on South Africa’s reputation and overall competitiveness.Views expressed in Research Notes, Reports and Analyses are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of Brand South Africa, or the Government of the Republic of South Africa. Every precaution is taken to ensure the accuracy of information. However, Brand South Africa shall not be liable to any person for inaccurate information or opinions contained herein.Contacts Dr Petrus de Kock – General Manager Research – email@example.comDr Judy Smith-Höhn- Research Manager – firstname.lastname@example.orgMs Leigh-Gail Petersen – Researcher – email@example.com Endnotes [i] The index draws on 12 different data sources from 11 institutions that capture expert assessments and views of businesspeople of corruption nwithin the past two years. For the first time this year, TI also analysed statistically significant changes in CPI scores for countries over a three-year time period by comparing their CPI scores between 2012 and 2015. Twelve data sources were used to construct the Corruption Perceptions Index 2015, namely: 1) African Development Bank Governance Ratings 2014, 2) Bertelsmann Foundation Sustainable Governance Indicators 2015, 3) Bertelsmann Foundation Transformation Index 2016; 4) Economist Intelligence Unit Country Risk Ratings 2015; 5) Freedom House Nations in Transit 2015; 6) Global Insight Country Risk Ratings 2014; 7) IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2015; 8) Political and Economic Risk Consultancy Asian Intelligence 2015; 9) Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide 2015; 10) World Bank – Country Policy and Institutional Assessment 2014; 11) World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey (EOS) 2015; and 12) World Justice Project Rule of Law Index 2015 [ii] A total of 43,143 respondents across 28 sub-Saharan African countries were interviewed from March 2014 to September 2015 to gauge their experiences and perceptions of corruption in their respective countries.[iii] See Africa Survey, pg. 8[iv] See Africa Survey 2015, pg.12.