Samuel Eto’o has announced his retirement from all forms of football at the age of 38.The veteran enjoyed an excellent career at the top level of the game, winning numerous trophies with Barcelona and also representing Cameroon at four World Cups.Widely regarded as one of Africa’s greatest-ever players, Eto’o posted on his official Instagram handle: “The end. Towards a new challenge. Thank you all, big love.”Having spent his youth career at Kadji Sports Academy, he joined Real Madrid where he was loaned to Leganes, Espanyol, and Mallorca.His awe-inspiring form in Mallorca saw him join Barcelona in 2004. There, he won two Champions Leagues, four La Liga titles, two Supercopa de Espana and one Copa del Rey. He also became the record holder for most La Liga caps by an African.At Inter Milan, he won his third Champions League under Jose Mourinho’s tutelage and also added Serie A, Supercoppa Italiana, Fifa Club World Cup and Coppa Italia titles to his impressive haul in Italy.He was unable to collect any winners’ medals at Anzhi Makhachkala, Chelsea, Everton, Sampdoria, Antalyaspor and Konyaspor, before a move to Qatar SC.On the international scene, he was the youngest player at the 1998 World Cup after making Cameroon squad at the age of 17.Eto’o claimed gold at the 2000 Olympics as well as two Africa Cup of Nations titles in 2000 and 2002 with four African Player of the Year crowns – a record he shares with Cote d’Ivoire’s Yaya Toure. Source: Goal
2 2 The Chilean star was not with his Red Devils team-mates as they began their trip around the US, which will see United play five games – with Liverpool, Real Madrid and AC Milan among their opponents.But there is no suggestion that Sanchez’s absence has anything to do with a potential move away from Old Trafford – it is believed he has merely been given extra time off by boss Jose Mourinho.The 29-year-old is entering his first full season at Manchester United following his arrival from Arsenal in January.And Mourinho wants his star man, who suffered from a lack of form at the end of last term, fighting fit for the new Premier League campaign.It is claimed he will meet up with the squad at a later date, having only returned to training last week after his first summer without football for five years. Blind is set to return to his homeland with former club Ajax Meanwhile, Dutch defender Daley Blind was also not present, as he edges closer to a return to Ajax.The 28-year-old is set to return to Amsterdam for a reported £14.1million fee after falling down the pecking order at Old Trafford under Mourinho.Matteo Darmian has also been linked with leaving United this summer, with a move to Juventus touted, but he was part of the squad that travelled to the US on Sunday.Fans in the States may be disappointed that a number of their United heroes will not be joining the tour due to the World Cup.The Premier League giants had 12 players take part in Russia – including David De Gea, Romelu Lukaku, Marouane Fellaini, Marcus Rashford, Jesse Lingard and newly-crowned world champion Paul Pogba – and they will not be joining the tour. Sanchez will join United’s tour of the US at a later date Manchester United have flown out for their pre-season tour of the United States without star forward Alexis Sanchez.
A handful of the world’s great cities trace their heritage to early human settlements thousands of years back. Johannesburg’s earliest residents were in the neighbourhood 3-million years ago.Forty kilometres west of Johannesburg, is a 47 000-hectare valley known as the Cradle of Humankind. (Image: Brand South Africa)Brand South Africa reporterForty kilometres west of the city, among nondescript koppies, scattered shrubs and trees, is a 47 000-hectare valley known as the Cradle of Humankind.Three million years of human activity have taken place in and around these caves, including people’s earliest-known mastery of fire, and 40% of all the world’s human ancestor fossils have been found here.The biggest and best-known of the caves is Sterkfontein, where over 500 hominid fossils and over 9 000 stone tools have been found. It was at Sterkfontein that two major finds were made, that have changed modern paleontology:The Australopithecus africanus Mrs Ples (now believed to be a Mister Ples), dating back 2.5-million years, and found by Robert Bloom in 1947.Little Foot, an almost complete ape-man skeleton that could be just over 4 million years old, the first pieces – footbones – of which were found by Ronald Clarke and Phillip Tobias in 1995 (the bones had lain in a box since the late 1970s, when they were excavated).Another major find was:A new species of hominin, homo naledi, was unveiled at Maropeng in the Cradle of Humankind near Johannesburg in September 2015. It was described as a new branch of the human family tree. Professor Lee Berger, the American archaeologist who led the excavation, called the Rising Star expedition, said fossils of 15 individuals of various ages were found 12 metres into the Dinaledi Chamber.In 1997, Clarke, digging through more boxes of bones from Sterkfontein, found more footbones from the same individual – one with a clean break suggesting that more of Little Foot’s bones might still be inside the cave. Clarke went after the rest of Little Foot’s skeleton – and in 1998, amazingly, found it, or at least a significant part of it.Maropeng brings fossils to life with interactive displays, stunning exhibits and a boat ride on an underground lake, the state-of-the-art Maropeng centre allows visitors to explore the rich fossil heritage of the Cradle of Humankind.A complete skull and fragments of arm, foot and leg bones have been uncovered so far; the rest of the bones are still being painstakingly excavated from the rock. Some believe that Little Foot is the most significant hominid find since Raymond Dart’s discovery of the skull of the Taung child, a juvenile Australopithecus africanus, discovered in 1924 near a town called Taung in the far north of North West.According to Clarke, the Little Foot fossil has yielded the most complete australopithecine skull yet found, found together with the most complete set of foot and leg bones known so far – with more extracted from the rock since then. In addition, the preservation of the skeleton is extraordinary, with most of the bones intact and joined in their natural position.The Little Foot skeleton was originally thought to be between 3 and 3.5 million years old, but a more recent study argues that it could be over 4 million years old, which would make it one of the oldest known australopithecine fossils, and easily the oldest from South Africa.According to Talk.origins: “If Clarke’s expectations of further finds are borne out, Little Foot could become the most spectacular and important hominid fossil ever discovered, rivalled only by the Turkana Boy Homo erectus skeleton [discovered in 1984 near Lake Turkana in Kenya].”The Sterkfontein valley consists of around 40 different fossil sites, 13 of which have been excavated. It includes Bolt’s Farm, where the remains of three sabre-tooth cats have been found in a pit that trapped animals; Swartkrans, site of the earliest-known deliberate use of fire, around 1.3-million years ago; Haasgat, where the fossils of early forest-dwelling monkeys, around 1.3-million years old, were found; and Gondolin, where 90 000 fossil specimens have been found since 1979. The area was declared a World Heritage Site in 1999. Although it is on privately owned land, any finds belong to the world, and the area is strictly controlled and protected.BeginningsIn the late 1890s, miners dynamited the Sterkfontein caves, searching for limestone which they converted into quick lime, an element needed for the processing of gold and the manufacture of cement. They displaced the sediment and revealed entrances to the caves. The rocks contain cyclindrical shapes – evidence of early life called stromatolite, dating back 3.8-billion years.These organisms breathed in carbon dioxide and breathed out oxygen, thus increasing the earth’s oxygen levels and leading to the evolution of other forms of life. Some 2.5-billion years ago, the area was an inland shallow sea.Over time the water evaporated and the mud formed dolomite rock, in which the stromatolite are visible. Around 2-billion years ago a large meteorite, 10 kilometres in diameter, fell in Vredefort (100 kilometres south of Sterkfontein), leaving a massive crater now known as the Vredefort Dome. The entire area for hundreds of kilometres around was covered in debris, which helped preserve the gold reefs of the Witwatersrand, preventing them from being eroded – and also helped preserve the stromatolite rocks.Some 3.5-million years ago, openings to the caves started appearing. They may have been occupied by sabre-toothed cats and other predators which would explain why the remains of large herbivores like wildebeest, extinct zebra and buffalo have been found in the caves. One of the caves is called Plover’s Lake Cave. It has been explored some 50 metres down, but beyond that point are a labyrinth of unexplored passages, and several entrances. A hyena and a porcupine are known to live there – no-one has spotted them, but their footprints are often seen. Excavations of Plover Cave and others in the area is ongoing.The nearby Wonder Cave has an enormous chamber with beautiful 15 metre-high stalactite formations. The Cave is believed to be 2.2-million years old, and bones of rodents, frogs, lizards and birds have been found in the cave. It’s hard while walking around the area to fully comprehend the age of the sites and the importance of the finds.Charles Darwin predicted in the 19th Century that the origins of humankind would be traced back to Africa because that’s where the great apes live. South Africans, and Joburgers in particular, don’t have far to go to take a stroll into life millions of years ago… so long as they are mindful of hyenas and porcupines.Updated: September 2017Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Malnutrition still a problem, slide from oncology webinarMore answers to your questions:Questions not answered in the Nutritional Management of Adult Oncology Patients:Does the Academy recommend refined fish oils to avoid the potential exposure to heavy metals?Answer: To my knowledge, there is no recommendation regarding refined vs other fish oils to avoid potential exposure to heavy metals. Evidence-based public health recommendations generally suggest that the benefits derived from consuming fish, seafood and fish oils outweigh the potential harms of exposure to environmental toxicants/contaminants, so long as the EPA-FDA advisories and safe eating guidelines are followed.Would you recommend foods high in certain antioxidants although antioxidant supplements are not recommended?Nutrient-rich whole foods high in antioxidants should be encouraged due to their various purported roles in protecting from cancer. The high doses of supplemental antioxidants shown to have potential dangerous effects in cancer are unlikely to be reached through diet alone.What about the use of herbal supplements for specific types of cancer, palmetto for prostate cancer?Answer: The evidence suggesting a potential benefit of taking saw palmetto to prevent or treat prostate cancer is primarily based on laboratory and animal studies. The scientific evidence remains insufficient at this time to recommend its use in prostate cancer.For more information, you can listen to the recording on the event page.References:http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hed.23599/abstracthttps://www.cancer.org/treatment/survivorship-during-and-after-treatment/staying-active/nutrition/nutrition-during-treatment.htmlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hed.20447/fullhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/caac.21142/fullThis blog was posted by Robin Allen, a member of the Military Families Learning Network (MFLN) Nutrition and Wellness team that aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the MFLN Nutrition and Wellness concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, and LinkedIn.
In this video tutorial, learn to create a powerful, modern slideshow animation with these amazing After Effects techniques.With the many ways to create motion graphics in After Effects, it’s important to understand the style you’re trying to create — especially when it comes to slideshow presentations. Knowing what style you’re going for before you get started will set your project up for success. Looking for more After Effects tutorials? Check these out.How to Create a Motion Graphics Template in Adobe After EffectsVideo Editing 101: How to Export Your Project in After Effects3 Typography Motion Graphics Tips | After Effects TutorialCreate An Animated Website Presentation Using After EffectsVideo Tutorial: Animate a 2D Mobile Device with After Effects So What Elements Are in a Modern Slideshow?To begin with, the modern style is always evolving, so we’ll stick to popular techniques.Clean GraphicCreating shapes is a good way to improve your project with a little bit of detail. You can use consistent shapes as a background texture — or even overlay them on top of your footage.Simple TypographSans serif typefaces will keep your titles clean and easy to read. Don’t go flashy or over-the-top. The white space in your titles is a huge element of your project. Either large or small will work. Just be consistent.Background DistortionBackground distortion is a common trend at the moment. Adding some activity to your background with clean cuts will lend the design some personality.Focused MotionEvery graphic or animation you create should lead your viewer’s eyes to what is important on screen. If you’re using shape animation, make sure it drives attention to your titles or to the important section of your footage.What to Take Away from This After Effects Tutorial?In our Modern Slideshow tutorial, you will learn how to create and animate shapes that focus on your titles. You’ll also learn how to create clean typography that sticks out to your viewers. Learn how to create background distortion with your own custom shapes. Lastly, you’ll also learn to create a sliding transition.And if you’re looking for inspiration, here are some great slideshow examples from RocketStock.com:Metropolis.Sierra.Exposé.