More Valley freeways to be closed this weekend for improvements The U.S. State Department said Javier Antonio Calle Serna has since 2005 allegedly run “Los Rastrojos” and “been linked to kidnappings, tortures, and assassinations in Colombia, Venezuela, and Panama.”A former guerrilla fighter, he is believed associated with the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, and its late nemesis, the far-right United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia, both designated terrorist organizations by the U.S. government, the State Department says on its website.Colombian police officials say drug traffickers often create alliances of convenience with the countries’ competing illegal armed groups, placing business over ideology.The March 2011 U.S. press release announcing the indictment of Javier Antonio Calle along with nine other alleged members of Los Rastrojos said that in addition to partnering with Mexican drug cartels to ship cocaine from Colombia to the United States via Mexico, Venezuela and Central America, the organization levied a “tax” on other Colombia traffickers on drug shipments traveling through territory under its control.That territory includes parts of Colombia’s Pacific coast and the border with Venezuela, Colombian police say. A recent study by the Nuevo Arco Iris think tank that Los Rastrojos coexist in the Colombia-Venezuela border region with criminal organizations including Mexico’s Zetas. Comments Share The U.S. government had a $5 million reward out for Calle, who deputy Colombian police director Gen. Jose Roberto Leon said turned himself in U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agents on Friday in Aruba, off the Caribbean coast of Colombia and Venezuela.A spokesman for the U.S. attorney in New York’s Eastern District, Robert Nardoza, said he could neither confirm nor deny Leon’s statement that Calle was flown to New York. Nor would Nardoza discuss why the indictment was not available in the U.S. federal court system’s online electronic database. The DEA also declined comment.The 43-year-old Calle allegedly heads a violent cocaine-trafficking paramilitary force called “Los Rastrojos,” or The Leftovers.His brother and alleged accomplice, Juan Carlos Calle, was captured in Ecuador in March and sent to the United States. A $5 million reward had also been offered for him by the U.S. State Department.The Rastrojos emerged roughly a decade ago from the dissolution of Colombia’s Norte del Valle cartel, and allegedly shipped tons of cocaine northward through Mexico.The brothers, originally hired guns for Norte del Valle bosses, gained the nickname the “Comba,” short for combatants, as their criminal gang expanded its influence over drug-trafficking routes, corrupting local officials and battling a rival offshoot of the cartel called the “Urabenos.” 5 ways to recognize low testosterone 4 must play golf courses in Arizona New high school in Mesa lets students pick career paths Top Stories Associated PressBOGOTA, Colombia (AP) – An alleged major Colombian drug trafficker whose paramilitary organization controls coastal and border smuggling routes surrendered to U.S. drug agents in Aruba and was flown to New York, where he faces criminal charges, Colombian authorities said Monday.Jose Antonio Calle was indicted in New York’s Eastern District last year for the alleged international distribution of 25 metric tons of cocaine, money laundering, racketeering and murder, according to a news release the local U.S. attorney’s office issued at the time. ___Associated Press writer Frank Bajak contributed to this report from Lima, Peru(Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.) Sponsored Stories Meghan McCain to release audiobook on conservatism, family Think Tank analyzes the second round of Democratic debates New Year’s resolution: don’t spend another year in a kitchen you don’t like
First lady hopes giving spirit continues through holidays WASHINGTON – Melania Trump said Wednesday at a holiday toy drive sponsored by the military that she hopes the giving spirit that Americans displayed during a season of devastating hurricanes will continue over Christmas and into the new year.She said the holidays are about family, service and gratitude — not gifts.The first lady accompanied President Donald Trump on several trips to survey hurricane damage in Texas, Florida and Puerto Rico, and he has said she was deeply affected by what she saw. Last week, the first lady returned to Corpus Christi, Texas, with Karen Pence, the wife of Vice-President Mike Pence, to follow up on recovery efforts after Hurricane Harvey flooded the region in late August.“On a personal note, as my first year as first lady comes to an end, I have had the privilege to witness the spirit and resilience of so many people in our country,” Mrs. Trump said during brief remarks at the drive for the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve Toys for Tots program. “After this year’s devastating hurricane season, I hope everyone watching at home will consider giving back through programs like Toys for Tots.”She recalled her visits to survey hurricane damage and urged people to extend their generosity.“I’ve seen people from all over our great nation pitch in to help those who lost everything, and I want to challenge people to continue with that giving spirit over Christmas and in the new year,” the first lady said inside a warehouse at a Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling.“It is my hope that during this holiday season people will remember it is not about gifts. It is about family service and gratitude. We must continue to look out for and help each other,” Mrs. Trump said.She then invited several dozen children from military families to help her sort toys. Within minutes, they cleared a large table that had been stacked with dolls, board games, toy cars and trucks, and other items, depositing them into large bins labeled “Boy,” ”Toddler” and “Girl.”The first lady and one young girl exchanged a high-five after Mrs. Trump guided her to the bins. She also sat with kids and made construction-paper cards to go with the gifts that will be distributed throughout the Washington area.Since its inception in 1947 and through last Christmas, Toys for Tots has distributed 550 million toys to 250 million children across the country, said Lt. Gen. Rex McMillan. The goal this year is to collect about 7 million toys for between 3 million and 4 million kids, he said.___Follow Darlene Superville on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/dsupervilleap Mehreem Donahue, 3, of McLean, Va., right, whose father is in the military, looks at a present with first lady Melania Trump, Wednesday, Dec. 13, 2017, during a “Toys for Tots” event at Joint Base Anacostia-Bolling in Washington. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin) by Darlene Superville, The Associated Press Posted Dec 13, 2017 11:32 am PDT Last Updated Dec 13, 2017 at 2:40 pm PDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email
State Rep. Aric Nesbitt is encouraging local residents to take advantage of the magnificent natural resources in Southwest Michigan during free fishing weekend Feb. 14 and 15.Nesbitt, R-Lawton, said the Michigan Department of Natural Resources will waive all fishing license fees during the weekend so residents and out-of-state visitors may enjoy fishing on lakes and rivers throughout Michigan.“There are so many great opportunities for anglers in this area, including Maple Lake, Eagle Lake, Christie Lake and of course Lake Michigan, which all offer potential to catch any of Michigan’s many prize species of game fish,” Nesbitt said. “This is a fantastic opportunity for ice fishermen and women to take their families, friends and neighbors out on the water to create lifelong memories.”All fishing regulations still apply during the free fishing weekend, such as limits on size and quantity of species caught. 06Feb Nesbitt invites residents to get outdoors during free fishing weekend Categories: News
20Jun Rep. Griffin bill, mutilation ban package advance to governor Legislation sponsored by state Rep. Beth Griffin, which would give victims of female genital mutilation the ability to receive significant civil damages, will advance to governor’s desk for review after today’s final House vote.Female genital mutilation (FGM) is any procedure performed on girls to remove or damage the external genitalia. Griffin’s bill is part of a bipartisan eight-bill legislative package that prohibits the act, sets sentencing guidelines, improves educational programs for health and law enforcement officials, and extends the criminal statute of limitations for victims.Specifically, her bill allows FGM survivors to recover up to three times actual damages, including non-monetary damage costs and attorney fees, during a civil case.“The punishment for mutilating a child must be significant, whether it involves a prison sentence, losing a medical license or sizable financial damages,” Griffin said. “That’s why this legislative package is taking a strong and wide-ranging approach to preventing FGM, punishing those who commit these despicable acts, as well as giving victims a voice and civil recourse.”The legislation follows a February incident when two young girls from Minnesota were subjected to the procedure at a southeast Michigan clinic. A Livonia couple was arrested on federal charges in April for allowing and performing the procedure after hours at their medical clinic, while a third individual was fired from their emergency room doctor position for performing the procedure at the same Livonia clinic.Over the past two weeks, House and Senate committees and full chambers have moved quickly to advance the legislation with today’s concurrence vote as the final step before review by Gov. Rick Snyder.“We must protect our children, especially from the possibility of enduring the physical pain and emotional damage this procedure can bring with it,” said Griffin, of Mattawan. “I was pleased to work with a bipartisan group of legislators to help ensure a future for young girls in Michigan safe from this barbaric act.”##### Categories: Griffin News,News
10Aug LaSata announces grant to fight blight State Rep. Kim LaSata announced this week that Berrien County will receive funding for residential and commercial blight elimination projects. The Berrien County Land Bank Authority has been awarded $102,000 to tear down 25 blighted, tax-foreclosed properties in Benton Harbor, Benton Charter Township, and Buchanan. The funding was awarded through the Michigan State Housing Development Authority, following a competitive application process.“Our economy is rebounding strongly, but there is still much work to be done,” LaSata said. “This is an excellent example of how tax dollars can be used at the local level to improve the quality of life in a small community.” Categories: LaSata News
ShareTweetShareEmail0 SharesNovember 19, 2014;Wall of Separation (Americans United for Separation of Church and State)Today, November 24th, the City Council of Nome, Alaska, population 3,797, will be voting on the possible end to a sales tax exemption for houses of worship. Facing a budget deficit, the Council spent an hour earlier this month debating possible revenue-generating strategies and landed on ending the church sales tax exemption as its preferred strategy.There is nothing in the constitution or in federal law that mandates a tax exemption for religious groups, but a vote by the Nome city council would make Nome the nation’s first to strip churches of this implicit subsidy. The issue of tax exemption for churches has made tiny Nome a bellwether location for the debate pro and con, and the debate has been vibrant: “Giving churches special tax exemptions violates the separation of church and state. By providing a financial benefit to religious institutions, government is supporting religion,” wrote Michael Stone in Patheos. “A tax break for churches forces all American taxpayers to support religion, even if they oppose some or all religious doctrines.”However, the Nome action would not just affect houses of worship, but all 501(c) nonprofits in the city, an element of the city’s action that has received little attention and discussion. An Associated Press article says that the Nome decision would affect “the regional nonprofit social service group Kawerak, Inc., and more than 40 other organizations.” Contrary to the notion that there would be “hundreds” of churches and other nonprofits affected, the scope of the small city’s action is actually quite targeted. One site counts 14 churches in Nome; another site counts 12. The Nonprofit Locator counts 35 nonprofits in the city (a list that counts some churches). From this small number of entities, the city’s finance director, Julie Liew, estimates that the end of the sales tax exemption for churches and nonprofits would generate $300,000 in revenues for the city.It is unclear why the city has to strip nonprofits as well as churches of the sales tax exemption; perhaps the rationale is that including nonprofits in the deal adds to the revenue total. Among the groups that would lose their sales tax exemption would be a pre-school group, a community center, an emergency shelter, and a swim team, as well as Kawerak’s day care, Head Start, employment training, and other program offerings. Despite the press coverage, the Nome decision isn’t just about churches, whose tax-exempt status isn’t necessarily rooted in law, but about nonprofits, whose tax-exempt status is.—Rick Cohen ShareTweetShareEmail0 Shares
France based over-the-top video technology provider Httv has chosen Nokia’s Qt UI and application framework to offer advanced UI features on its httvBOX set-top box solution.According to Httv, Qt enables the deployment of httvBOX on various chipsets without additional development.“We are very enthusiastic about Nokia’s Qt technology and the results we achieved with our own turnkey STB solution. Qt is a very efficient development framework shortening the crucial time-to-market factor. We now intend to build a strong and lasting partnership with Nokia”, said Philippe Tommasi, Httv’s sales director for EMEA and Latin America: “Indeed, the cross-platform code of Qt and its intuitive approach leverages Httv’s responsiveness to clients’ requirements.”The httvBOX will be on show at the Nokia Qt stand at the CES show.
The Russian ministry of communications is reportedly planning to set out stringent service availability requirements for TV service providers.According to a report in Vedomosti, citing sources close to pay TV operators, the ministry has drawn up a draft measure that would require users not to be left without a TV service for more than nine hours a year.According to pay TV operators, the proposed measure would require them to build out fully redundant networks to avoid the threat of their licences being removed.Yuri Pripachkin, the president of cable operators’ association AKTR, has written an open letter to deputy minister of communications Dennis Sverdlov arguing that the proposal does not correspond to any domestic or international practice and would require huge investment in network infrastructure, with costs being passed on to consumers.
Polish pay TV operator Cyfrowy Polsat has signed a deal with NBCUniversal International Television Distribution to distribute its films through its VOD service and its OTT platform ipla.The deal covers recent blockbusters, such as Les Miserables as well as older titles like Mama Mia, Inglourious Basterds and American Gangster.The deal follows recent VOD agreements between Cyfrowy Polsat and Disney and Warner Brothers to deliver content on-demand, both through TV and the web.
JB PerretteJB Perrette has been named as Mark Hollinger’s successor as president of Discovery Networks International.Perrette takes over to lead Discovery Communications’ international channels and content business, which operates in 220 territories and has more than 190 worldwide television channels. All of Discovery’s regional and functional bosses will report into him.Perrette is succeeding Hollinger, who announced he was stepping down in September last year after 23 years with the firm.“Through strong organic growth as well as selective strategic acquisitions and partnerships, Mark and the team have built Discovery Networks International’s unrivaled footprint with powerful brands that are valued by viewers, advertisers and distribution partners around the world,” said the incoming exec.Perrette has been with Discovery since 2011, having joined as chief digital officer from NBCUniversal, where he was president, digital and affiliate distribution and content distribution strategy. His promotion indicates Discovery is placing digital content and distribution at the heart of its international business going forward.He was behind the acquisition of online channels infrastructure firms Revision3 and DeFranco Creative, as well as leading and implementing digital initiatives such as SKYWIRE Live and Animal Planet L!ve, investing in Lumosity and Learnist and launching YouTube channels Animalist and TestTube.“JB is one of the smartest and most versatile executives I have worked with in the media business. Since his time at NBC as a leader in business development, distribution and digital to all the success and value he has built at Discovery, JB has it all – strong strategic vision, operational expertise and exceptional team-building skills,” said David Zaslav, president and CEO of Discovery Communications.“This is a demanding role like no other, which I believe requires a corporate executive with a broad background to oversee all aspects of the business across 220 countries. Having spent half his career internationally, and with a unique mix of distribution, digital, strategy and business development experience, JB is the perfect fit to lead Discovery’s international operations.”Discovery has subsequently appointed Sean Atkins at acting digital head as it searches for a permanent chief digital officer. Additionally, the company’s IT/EOS teams, which Kevin Loftis and Larry Laque lead, now report into Discovery CFO Andrew Warren.Discovery claims to be the number one pay TV programmer in global television and last year made its largest ever acquisition by acquiring the SBS Nordic channels for close to US$2 billion. DNI’s profits now match the level the entire Discovery business was achieving seven years ago, a fact Zaslav trumpeted at MIPCOM in Cannes in October.It also acquired a 20% stake in European pay TV channel Eurosport and made a number of key channels launches, including female-skewed TLC in the UK.The news comes soon after Discovery extended Zaslav’s contract as CEO until 2020 and after senior changes such as Asian business boss Tom Keaveney relocating to the UK to replace Caleb Weinstein as president, affiliate sales.
Tomasz ZuranskiPolish cable operator Vectra has abandoned its attempt to secure a one third stake in alternative telco Netia.Vectra launched a tender for a 33% stake in Netia for about PLN609 million (€146 million) at the beginning of July and subsequently upped its offer from PLN5.31 a share to PLN5.41 a share and extended the deadline for acceptance.The company has now withdrawn the bid after failing to reach the minimum threshold of acceptances.Vectra CEO Tomasz Żurański had said the bid for Netia shares was a financial investment opportunity rather than part of a plan to combine the two companies operationally.
Jan Pieter KoeneShort films channel Shorts TV has hired Jan Pieter Koene to head up its EMEA operation, replacing former boss Alan Musa who announced his departure for Nickelodeon/Comedy Central last month. Koene has worked at various channels and channel operators including Fox Sports, Chellomedia’s Film1/Sport1 and Discovery Networks.Carter Pilcher, chief executive of Shorts International said: “Jan Pieter’s extensive background in pay TV channel distribution and marketing is perfectly suited to lead the ongoing channel development and expansion.”Shorts is currently carried by operators in the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Romania, Eastern Africa, and Turkey, reaching eight million homes in all.The US channel ShortsHD is available to 20 million homes through AT&T and DirectTV.Parent company Shorts International is co-owned by Shorts Entertainment Holdings and Liberty Global.
News channel Euronews has teamed up with Microsoft to provide a selection of programming to MSN users in 10 languages.Euronews content will be delivered via the recently-launched new MSN news portal in 29 countires. Euronews on MSN will be available on multiple deivces including desktop computers, smartphones and tablets.Euronews content will be available on MSN in Arabic, English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Turkish, and the service will be delivered in 15 countries in the Middle East in English and Arabic as well as in Austria, Belgium, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden – in English – Switzerland, Turkey and the UK.“We are very pleased to offer Euronews’ trusted and rich content to the new MSN, which fits perfectly our strategy to deliver the right content at any time and on any device,” said Arnaud Verlhac, director worldwide distribution, Euronews.“Built from the ground up for a mobile first, cloud first world, the new MSN focuses on providing people with the tools and knowledge they need to navigate both the digital world and everyday life,” said Amanda Morgan, head of global marketing for MSN at Microsoft. “Our partnership with Euronews furthers that commitment by providing our users with content from some of the world’s best and most authoritative media sources, data and services to enable users to do more. Integrating groundbreaking stories from Euronews will allow us to deliver on that goal.”
Car ShareProgramme requests to the BBC iPlayer were up slightly year-on-year on April, with no sign of the “seasonal slow-down” the BBC usually records from March to summer. According to official BBC stats, total programme requests to the iPlayer amounted to 271 million in the month, compared to 268 million for the same period last year.TV requests came to 218 million, up by 14 million compared to April 2014, with the rest of the programme clicks going to radio shows.Overall, the BBC logged an average of 9.0 million programme requests per day, stable month-on-month.The top requested TV show for the month was the first episode of new comedy series Peter Kay’s Car Share, with a total 1.5 million live and on-demand requests.Drama Poldark took the second and third spots, while long-running soap opera Eastenders rounded out the top-five most-requested shows.The BBC said that, consistent with previous months, the profile of BBC iPlayer users has evened out over time in terms of male/female ratio, but remains “strongly under-55 in terms of age.”
Phillip LuffFood Network has launched on UPC Romania, thanks to a recent deal between the channel’s owner Scripps Networks UK and EMEA and Liberty Global.Food Network is now available on channel 59 as part of UPC Romania’s ‘Maxim’ package, with the channel to air new series such as Trisha’s Southern Kitchen and Australian Food Adventures.“As Scripps Networks UK and EMEA continues to expand its international reach, we are pleased that UPC Romania now carries our full portfolio, providing viewers the choice of a wide range of world class lifestyle content to choose from,” said Phillip Luff, Managing Director, Scripps Networks UK & EMEA.“Romania is now one of 130 countries across the region receiving all Scripps Networks channels, with more to come.”The deal follows the recent launch of Food Network and Food Network HD on direct-to-home satellite platform Telekom Romania.
Tony HanwayVirgin Media has appointed longstanding Telefonica executive, Tony Hanway, as CEO of its Irish operations.Hanway is set to join the company on Monday and after a short transition period will take on the role and join the Virgin Media executive committee from November 2.Hanway takes over from Magnus Ternsjö, who is leaving Virgin Media to take the chief executive role at UPC Hungary – an internal switch between two Liberty Global-owned companies.Hanway joined Telefonica in 2005 and latterly worked as chief commercial officer of O2 in Germany. He previously held a number of different roles at the firm, including CEO of O2 in Ireland and consumer director of O2 in the Czech Republic.Prior to this, held senior roles at AOL Europe and was also chairman of the Irish Telecom and Internet Federation between 2013 and 2014.Virgin Media CEO Tom Mockridge said: “Ireland is an important growth market for Virgin Media. I am delighted we have secured an executive of Tony’s calibre to lead the team and deliver on our big plans to boost competition for consumers.”
Satellite operator Spacecom has lost “all communications and signals” from its Amos-5 satellite at the 17°E orbital position, it announced over the weekend.The company said that the failure happened on Saturday and that it was working to re-establish communication with the satellite, but that it did not have further information about the cause of the “anomaly”.“Spacecom is working around the clock, doing the utmost to speed service recovery for its customers. Our service teams are looking for solutions for our customers to enable their broadcast signals and data communications streams to continue with minimal interruption,” said Spacecom CEO and president, David Pollack.Launched in 2011, the Amos-5 satellite offers direct-to-home TV, VSAT communications and broadband and other services to Africa.The satellite features a fixed pan-African C-band beam and three steerable Ku-band beams — all covering Africa with connectivity to Europe and the Middle East.
The UK’s Royal Television Society (RTS) has named the winners of its 2016 undergraduate bursaries scheme, designed to widen participation in media and related industries and support talented students from lower income backgrounds seeking to pursue a career in television.This year’s scheme offers 20 bursaries for TV production and broadcast journalism students and seven bursaries for computing and engineering undergraduates.Broadcast journalist and TV production bursary winners include Katie Brown; Peter Chapman; Jamie Davidson; Leeford Dean; Aaron Dimes; Shona Fegan; Amber Fisher; Emily Friend; Natasha Graham; Alexander Greensmith; Lee Hodgetts; Lauren Jones; Colin MacRae; Alicia Newing; Lydia Noakes; Timothy Payne; Charlie Schultz; Hannah Spary; Alysha Takoushian and Mark Tran.Computijng and engineering bursary winners include Ertug Aytug; Keoni D’Souza; Danial Farooq; Embla Hocking; Oliver Hope; James Mailey and Yasmin Voong.During their studies, each recipient will be given £1,000 a year to help with expenses and living costs. In addition, each beneficiary will receive free membership of the RTS and The Hospital Club – a private members club for those in the creative industries – while studying, and one year’s free membership of the RTS after they graduate. In their final year of study, the RTS will also aim to set up mentoring opportunities with one of its industry members.“The RTS is committed to supporting UK undergraduates seeking to work in television and its related fields. Since its launch in 2014 we have provided vital support to 45 talented individuals – offering not only the bursary itself but also mentoring and access to contacts within the broadcasting industry,” said RTS CEO Theresa Wise.“2016 sees us continue this work. The response to our two schemes has been fantastic and it’s hugely exciting to see such a high number of people seeking to work in the TV industry. The calibre of applicants has been outstanding and those applying have demonstrated real ambition and commitment to learning. Due to this we have decided to award two additional bursaries to Computing and Engineering undergraduates bringing the total number of recipients this year to 27. We look forward to following their future career progress and achievements.”
Dutch public service broadcaster NOS has appointed the director of Dutch broadcasting association BNNVARA as its new chief executive.Gerard TimmerGerard Timmer takes up the CEO role on May 1, replacing Jan de Jong who became a director of Feyenoord football club at the end of last year.Timmer said he looks forward to continuing to build on the strength of the broadcaster, describing NOS as “a wonderful organisation” and “the heart of journalism in the Netherlands”.
Linear TV viewing figures may be on the decline, but overall numbers are on the rise – and young people are to thank. This is according to a new study from The National Research Group commissioned by Snap Inc. The report outlines the evolution of video, trends in mobile content, and the role of Snapchat (the social messaging app owned by Snap Inc.) in entertaining today’s young consumers.The UK Broadcasters’ Audience Research Board (BARB), had observed in 2018 traditional linear TV viewing among UK citizens of all ages is on the decline, with the sharpest decrease among Gen Z and Millennials. These groups spend 34% less time with traditional TV than they did in 2012, and approximately 15% less time since last year.However, the new report points out that a holistic analysis which includes streaming and time-shifted TV shows that content consumption is growing. BARB predicts that the UK will reach new heights in terms of viewing minutes per day by 2022, with viewing spread across a wide variety of devices and platforms.As far as that highly-coveted age bracket goes, the report found that young people are watching more mobile video than ever before. It states that 33% of every hour spent online is dedicated to video.This spells good news for online video creators, with young people increasingly focusing on premium short-form content. Nearly two thirds of Gen Zs and Millennials watch premium mobile short-form content (described as videos of fewer than 10 minutes) weekly, and about 40% watch daily. The report concludes that, on average, two in five people on Snapchat watch Discover feed content every day. Snap Inc. has historically had issues making money, with Q1 2019 revenue sitting at $390 million. That was a record quarter for the company that lost its heads of finance, sales, chief strategy officer, president of hardware, and CFO in the past year – but the company still has failed to turn a profit. Snap will hope that a greater focus on mobile video viewing habits will trend towards greater success going forward.