* First, commercial surrogacy can be exploitative because the contracting parties are not always free and equal. Some surrogates are poor and uneducated. Many come from developing countries. Often enough, the future parents come from wealthy nations, and are wealthy even by the standards of their home country. An intermediary, or ”baby finder”, who seeks to make a profit from the exchange, completes the recipe for exploitation. A poor woman grows attached to the child during gestation. Then, she is intimidated by a profiteer into selling her infant. A fair society would not support and uphold such a transaction. (average price for US surrogate is $80,000)* Second, by allowing commercial surrogacy, we step closer to commodifying pregnancy, motherhood and babies, leading to a potential change in how we perceive and treat the people involved. Babies and pregnancy are seen by society as sacrosanct. Through commercial surrogacy, they are given a price, and sold and exchanged much like other goods and services. If we allow babies to be bought, why not a two-year-old child? Should we allow babies to be sold at auction?* Thirdly, what about* the rights of the child to have relationships with surrogate parents and vice versa;* who is responsible for surrogate children born with severe disabilities;* what to do when the surrogate mother has multiple birthsAll these remain largely unsettled in ethics and in law.From Miranda Devine (Aust) in 2011The growing trend of surrogate babies for celebrities severely devalues the role of modern parents and their children alike.When Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban announced the surprise birth of their new baby this week, they made special mention of “our gestational carrier”. To have carried a baby in your womb, shared a blood supply, felt its little feet kick against your abdomen, heard its little heart beat, sensed it growing bigger and stronger, while it changes your metabolism, and the way you sleep, breathe and eat, and then to have given birth to a living, breathing human child you have been longing to cuddle is not a trivial act. So to have it described in such clinical, remote terms is insensitive and thoughtless, to say the least.A few of the recent celebrity womb rentals have included Sarah Jessica Parker and Matthew Broderick – twin girls; Neil Patrick Harris and David Burtka – fraternal twins, a girl and boy; and Kelsey Grammer and estranged wife Camille – a boy and a girl. On Christmas Day, just three days before the latest Urban addition, Elton John and his partner David Furnish became “proud fathers” of a baby boy born to a surrogate mother in California, the product of a donor egg from another anonymous woman fertilised with the sperm of one or other of the men.Then there is the story of the Melbourne couple who aborted twin boys, conceived though IVF, because they already have three sons and wanted a daughter instead. The father told the Herald Sun it was “our right” to decide the gender of their future child.The Wall Street Journal last month ran a story about the new global industry of baby manufacturing, with baby “concierges” co-ordinating the coming together of egg, sperm, womb and parents from all corners of the earth. One of the most affordable packages featured was the “India bundle” from PlanetHospital, which gets you “one egg donor, four embryo transfers into four separate surrogate mothers, room and board for the surrogate, and a car and driver for the parents-to-be when they travel to India to pick up the baby.” Planet Hospital also specialises in “surrogaycy” for same-sex couples but doesn’t really seem to care much who the parents are. Chief executive Rudy Rupak told the Journal: “Our ethics are agnostic . . . How do you prevent a paedophile from having a baby? If they’re a paedophile then I will leave that to the US Government to decide, not me.”Are women easy-bake ovens?http://www.huffingtonpost.com/elizabeth-marquardt/surrogate-motherhood-_b_2024435.html Women in India are being used as cheap surrogates for western couples, straight or gay, in some cases housed and monitored in dormitories and delivered by caesarean section for the convenience of the “commissioning” couple. In the U.S., many surrogates are military wives, supplementing their husband’s low pay by renting their wombs, with labor and delivery costs paid for by the U.S. taxpayer. Donated eggs are often involved in these cases. In addition to the identity issues such complex forms of parentage force upon the children, egg donation is a risky business, luring mostly college-aged women into rounds of hormone shots and surgical extractions that are a documented risk to their own health.
Brugge’s chances of a Europa League giant-killing against Manchester United have been rocked by the news that star striker, will miss out through injury. The Belgian side will also be without captain Ruud Vormer with both players not making the trip to Manchester. Dennis, 22, was the scorer in Belgium after capitalising on Sergio Romero’s horrendous error to put them ahead in the tie. The Nigerian international has scored three times in Europe this season including a Champions League double against Real Madrid at the Bernabeu. Midfielder Vormer has been an important figure this season having made 26 starts in the league. Club Brugge are yet to taste victory on English soil having lost ten of their last 12 matches.Advertisement Despite their opponent’s injury concerns, Ole Gunnar Solskjaer is likely to take little risk with his team selection by announcing a strong starting XI. The Norwegian has no new fresh injury concerns while also being boosted by the return of midfielder Scott McTominay. Marcus Rashford remains a long-term absentee while Paul Pogba is still a while away from making a full recovery. Solskjaer said of his progress: “He’s not been part of team training yet. “And it will depend on how he feels, or when he feels ready to do that. So he’s not anywhere near that yet.” Read Also:Oliseh: Emmanuel Dennis can play for big clubs in Europe Bruno Fernandes started on the bench in the first leg but could come back into the fold to give United a boost going forward. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Club Brugge fans have expressed their disappointment over Emmanuel Dennis’ inability to play against Manchester United in the return leg of the Europa League. Loading… Promoted Content5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme Parks7 Inventions Created To Start Saving The WorldThe Most Exciting Cities In The World To VisitYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of AnimeLook At Something Beautiful That Wasn’t Made By A Human Being6 Incredibly Strange Facts About HurricanesWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?10 Body Features That Are Extremely Rare But Very Remarkable6 Major TV Characters We Were Relieved To See Leaving The ShowBest Car Manufacturers In The WorldBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever MadeTop Tastiest Foods From All Over The World
Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error How crazy was this one? Dave Roberts said Yasiel Puig was his emergency catcher after using backup A.J. Ellis as a pinch hitter.“It’s a relief we don’t have to come back until August,” Roberts said. The manager was emotionally spent. A moment later, Adrian Gonzalez handed him a beer.The Rockies scored five runs in the eighth inning to take a 10-7 lead. The Dodgers scored five in the ninth. Trayce Thompson scored the game-tying run on a wild pitch by Rockies closer Jake McGee. Four pitches later, Chase Utley drove in Charlie Culberson with the go-ahead run, then clapped his hands on second base in a rare display of emotion.That was the only RBI in the game for Utley, who finished 2 for 6 and scored three runs. DENVER >> A six-run lead isn’t safe at Coors Field. If the baseball players don’t make sure of it, the baseball gods will.A whipping wind turned the Colorado Rockies’ home park into a swirl of napkins and plastic bags at times Sunday, not enough to cause a health hazard but enough to re-create a scene from the film “American Beauty.” The game itself was ugly; the path of a flying baseball was often impossible to predict.The wind still hadn’t died when the Dodgers’ six-game road trip ended with a 12-10 win before an announced crowd of 35,962.The final outcome was determined by the bullpens, the baseball gods, and whatever defense the Dodgers could muster against the Rockies and the elements. The script was straight from the “typical Coors Field game” file. “I’ve been on both sides of it here,” he said. “Early on we swung the bats well. … Facing a tough closer we put some great at-bats together.”Joe Blanton (2-1) was the winning pitcher. He threw one pitch in the eighth inning and induced a double-play groundout. Kenley Jansen pitched a scoreless ninth inning for his ninth save in nine chances.The Dodger bullpen was cruising until the eighth inning, when the Rockies rallied for five runs to turn a 7-5 deficit into a 10-7 lead. Chris Hatcher retired one of the four batters he faced in the inning; the other three ultimately scored. Hatcher has a 7.27 earned-run average 10 games into the season.“He’s getting lefties out, not really getting righties out,” Roberts said. “I think it’s the missed fastball command. That’s what it boils down to. … He’ll be fine.”The Dodgers’ defense looked good at times. Puig caught a Brandon Barnes fly ball as he slammed against the right-field fence to end a Colorado rally in the fourth inning. Coincidentally, Puig unleashed a historically strong throw after missing a catch in almost the exact same spot Friday, denying Barnes a triple.In the seventh inning, Trayce Thompson made a headlong dive to rob Gerardo Parra of an extra-base hit with a runner on second base. Sometimes though, the Dodgers’ defense looked bad. A line-drive single by Carlos Gonzalez rolled under Puig’s glove in the eighth inning, allowing the Rockies to take their first lead of the game. By then, left-hander Luis Avilan had replaced Hatcher on the mound. He fared even worse than Hatcher, allowing all four batters he faced to reach base.The Dodgers were leading 7-1 in the fourth inning when Thompson misplayed a fly ball by Parra that tangled with a zephyr. The ball fell on the warning track for a double, and the Rockies proceeded to rally for three runs.“I take pride in my defense,” Thompson said. “Playing the outfield here is like spring training. The ball carries a little bit. The wind’s blowing.”Since no error was charged on that play, Alex Wood’s earned-run average artificially inflated to an even 6.00. His fourth start of the season went better than his final line indicated: five runs in five innings, to go with three walks and five strikeouts.Justin Turner, who missed Saturday’s game with an injured left big toe, appeared as a pinch hitter and drew a walk in his only plate appearance.The twists and turns left the Dodgers with a 4-2 road trip that started in Atlanta and ended in the Mile High City. By the bottom of the ninth inning, their emotions were high but their bodies were spent.“It’s early in the season,” said the 37-year-old Utley, his stamina defying the gray hairs on his head. “If it’s 100 degrees out there, it might be a different story. We handled everything pretty well.”