“On very warm or windy days, the original bark mixture can dry out thoroughly in 24 to 48 hours, even though the backfill soil around it stays wet,” Midcap said. If you buy a container plant and delay planting it, be sure to water it several times a week, he said. Water it two to three straight times before planting. Make sure the root ball is thoroughly soaked. If the root ball still feels dry, he said, soak it in a bucket for a while just before planting. Don’t plant it if the root ball is dry.Keep Potting Mix Exposed When you buy a container shrub and plant it in your yard, you think it’s suddenly a landscape plant. But it’s not. “It’s still a container plant for the first few weeks,” said University of Georgia horticulturist Jim Midcap. “Or at least you have to treat it as one.” Midcap, an Extension Service specialist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, said you have to remember how that plant has spent the first part of its life. “Container plants are grown in nurseries in a mixture of bark and sand,” he said. “That’s because those mixtures drain so well.”Fast-draining Mixtures In sandy, well-draining soils, it’s hard to water too much. But be careful not to overwater in clay soils and other areas that don’t drain well, Midcap said. Overwatering in clay soils can kill plants just as surely as not watering at all. Water often, he said, and direct the water to the root ball. Keep rewetting the sand-bark mixture without overwetting the surrounding clay soil. Dry, windy weather can dry out sand-bark potting mixtures fast and send your plants into a quick decline.Don’t Give Up on Plants When you plant a container shrub in a clay soil, Midcap said, keep the top of the potting mix exposed. “If you cover it with a clay soil, it can seal it up. So moisture can’t get into that sand-bark mixture,” he said. Keep watering it two to three times a week for the first four to six weeks. Until the roots grow into the surrounding soil, the plant still depends for moisture on the bark-sand mixture in the root ball.Don’t Overwater “Most plants start wilting first,” Midcap said. But some — hollies, for instance — don’t reveal moisture stress until their older, inside leaves begin yellowing. If that happens, he said, don’t give up on your plants. “Get that root ball wet again and keep it watered properly,” he said. “What happens when it dries out is that the root system shuts down, and then a little later the top begins showing stress. “Give it enough water to make sure you get the root ball wet again,” he said. “The plant will start regenerating absorbing roots to take up the water.” The fast-draining mixtures help nurseries avoid the root rot problems they might have if they used potting soils that hold moisture better. The only problem is that the bark-sand mixtures also dry out quickly. “And once the mixture gets really dry, the bark is hard to get wet again,” Midcap said. With many yards already dry, that could prove disastrous if long-range forecasts of a dry spring and summer are borne out.Dry Root Ball Hard to Rewet “If you let the root ball dry out,” Midcap said, “you may think you’re watering enough, but because the bark is so hard to rewet, the plant really isn’t getting enough moisture to survive.” For the first four to six weeks, he said, all of the plants’ roots are still in that original potting mixture. “That’s what you need to water as if it were still in the container,” Midcap said. Most people know to water newly planted shrubs often. But they don’t realize how critical it is.Bark Dries Fast
By Dialogo May 04, 2016 Solidarity is always important, and much more so in disasters such as in our brother country Ecuador. This is an example of how the world is capable of opting for peace and getting rid of wars. The 7.8-magnitude earthquake that struck Ecuador on April 16th caused an estimated $3 billion in infrastructure damage as it devastated a nation that had not felt the effects of such a natural disaster since 1949. Within hours, various nations provided support . Colombia and Peru sent military planes and naval vessels with humanitarian aid, and Mexico sent specialized rescue workers. The United States, among other things, installed a mobile air traffic control tower in Manta. Other help came from Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, El Salvador, Panama, Dominican Republic, Uruguay, Brazil, Canada, France, and Spain, and countries like South Korea, Norway, Italy and the Netherlands announced that they would be sending funds to help with the Ecuadorian emergency. But the challenge of delivering aid is far from over. Numerous institutions are assessing long-term requirements for shelter and how to solve imminent challenges in the country’s hardest-hit areas. Ecuador will need assistance from aid agencies and neighboring countries for a considerable amount of time. While Ecuadorean engineering experts continue to determine if the buildings that are still standing are structurally sound, the Ecuadorean military has deployed more than 10,000 of its personnel to oversee the ongoing aid delivery efforts in the field, providing pivotal assistance to the current humanitarian crisis the country faces. Lieutenant Colonel Cristhian Regalado works in the Central Command of the Ecuadorean Armed Forces and has been following the ongoing process of humanitarian aid. He shared his thoughts with Diálogo on the current challenges facing the Armed Forces as they respond to the country’s deadliest earthquake in decades. Diálogo: How has international cooperation helped in the assisting victims, and what kind of help came from abroad? Lt. Col. Regalado: International aid was immediate and timely, with huge amounts of food, food supplies, medicine, as well as specialized personnel, especially rescue workers, doctors, technicians, and firefighters [being delivered]. In addition, several countries provided aircraft to join the airlift, as well as mobile hospitals, electricity-generating plants, and water purification. Brotherhood among people, especially nations in the continent, was reflected in the aid received. The military is grateful for these gestures of solidarity and generosity. This cooperation among nations and military entities has been traditional in the region on the basis of bilateral and multilateral agreements that have enabled mutual support during times of natural disasters such as the one Ecuador experienced on April 16th. Diálogo: Tell us about the aid delivery process and the type of aid is being provided by the Ecuadorean Army to the affected population. Lt. Col. Regalado: Army airplanes and helicopters are working nonstop to transport the wounded, the homeless, and the staff members of public and private institutions that have been mobilized to support the disaster areas, and also to move donations from collection centers to people in remote areas. Command posts located mainly in Manabí and Esmeraldas are coordinating the activities of military units from all over the country in support of state institutions, and are managing the collection and delivery of donations, implementing shelters and logistics [by land and air], installing sanitary facilities and using tankers to supply water, just to name a few of the endless tasks. They also coordinate military support to the National Police to ensure the safety of the cities affected by the earthquake. Diálogo: Describe the deployment. Lt. Col. Regalado: Just one part of the overall effort is conducted by the Corps of Army Engineers, who have deployed all its heavy machinery for the removal of debris, road maintenance, construction of platforms, demolition of structures, and the inspection of roads and bridges. This is all coordinated by an extensive team of technical specialists. The Army Engineers also installed three water treatment plants in the affected areas that are being operated by military personnel. In addition, we have soldiers of the elite Special Forces Brigade to provide security for the food convoys to the disaster areas, as well as through specialist K9 search teams to assist in the rescue of people trapped in the rubble. We have deployed a contingent of military doctors and nurses who are providing medical care to the residents of the affected areas, and are also making the delivery of medicine to the population. In addition, the Mobile Army Surgical Hospital moved to Chone – a city in the Manabí province – a strategic location from which immediate trauma care can be provided. Diálogo: What are the Army’s medium- and long-term plans? Lt. Col. Regalado: After the search and rescue phase, reconstruction will begin, a task that involves the coordinated participation of many state institutions and where we also have the support of national and international organizations. The deployment of the Armed Forces is indefinite: We are here to support our homeland for as long as it takes.
continue reading » As part of America Saves Week, NAFCU is highlighting the efforts of member credit unions with strong financial education programs that encourage members to save and strengthen their personal finances. Today, learn how Summit Credit Union’s (Madison, Wis.) Project Money program helps its members reduce debt and increase savings.“We created Project Money to help participants better their daily lives in a format that also inspires thousands of our neighbors to improve their financial wellness and lives, too,” said Summit Credit Union CEO & President Kim Sponem. “At its heart, Project Money is a public financial education program that helps people, families and larger communities become financially stronger through real-life financial tips they can put into action.”Structured as a seven-month competition with four competing teams, Project Money pairs participants with a Summit Financial Coach to help them work toward financial goals of reducing debt, increasing savings, and more. Throughout the year, participants attend educational sessions and share their progress through blogs and media interviews to inspire others in the community to join the savings mission.At the end of the competition, the winning team – determined by the selection committee comprised of credit union employees – receives a $10,000 prize and the other teams receive $2,500. ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr